Acupuncture - Needles are placed into the
skin and muscles in order to relieve pain.
Some types include the use of
Acute Pain - a suddenly occurring
sharp or sever pain.
compulsive physiological need for and use of a
habit-forming substance (i.e. narcotics or
alcohol) characterized by tolerance and
well-defined physiological symptoms upon
- The science and study of pain. An algologist is a student , investigator, or
practitioner of algology.
- Pain due to a stimulus that does not normally provoke pain. The original
definition adopted by the IASP committee was pain due to non-noxious
stimulus to the normal skin. Allodynia involves a change in the quality of
a sensation, tactile, thermal, or of any other kind. The usual response to
a stimulus was not painful, but the present response is.
- Absence of pain in response to stimulation that would normally be painful.
- Absence of all sensation.
- An agent or agents that produce regional anesthesia (certain part of the
body) or general anesthesia (loss of consciousness).
Dolorosa - Where pain is present in an area that is anesthetic.
- Usually pain syndromes associated with cardiac disease. May indicate a
feeling of oppression or tightness of the chest or throat.
medication - Medicines
used to reduce inflammation
portion of the body
- Pain in a joint, usually due to arthritis.
disease of a joint
of a joint (as hip or knee); the operative
formation or restoration of a joint
Examination of a
joint with an arthroscope; joint surgery using
to a joint
- A syndrome of sustained burning pain, allodynia, and hyperpathia after a
nerve injury, often combined with vasomotor and sudomotor dysfunction
and later trophic changes.
Pain - Pain associated with a lesion of the central nervous
Spine - the vertebrae known as C1 to C7 are located in the neck. The top
cervical connects to the base of the skull.
that lingers after the normal healing process
is complete. Usually pain that last longer
than six weeks is considered chronic pain.
Pain - Pain due to loss of sensory input into the central nervous system (as can
occur with avulsion of the brachial plexus), or other types of peripheral
nerve lesions. Can also be due to pathologic lesions of the central
- A sensory segment of the skin supplied by a specific nerve root.
- located in the spinal column.
They separate the vertebrae, are
flexible, and allow spinal motion.
Degeneration - deterioration in which its vitality is diminished or its structure
- An abnormal unpleasant sensation, can be spontaneous of evoked. A
dysesthesia is always unpleasant. The patient must decide whether a
sensation is pleasant or unpleasant.
injection administered outside the dura mater
(the epidural space)
Epidural Injection - An injection of medication into the epidural space
Space The epidural space is located between the dura and the interior
surface of the spinal canal.
a procedure using an endoscope to visually
inspect tissue in the epidural space.
Medication can be delivered directly on
inflamed nerves and break up adhesions.
The procedure may also be called an
epiduroscopy, myeloscopy, spinal endoscopy or
Joint The facet joints are small joints that are located on the back of
the spine, one on each side.
Each vertebra is connected by facet
provide stability to the spine by interlocking
of a joint
mass of clotted blood.
Disc - The vertebrae in the spine are cushioned by small discs.
The discs have an outer shell that
surround a gel-like material called the
The discs act as shock absorbers for
the spine and keep it flexible.
If the discs are damaged, they may
bulge or break open (rupture).
If a disc bulges abnormally or ruptures
it is called a herniated disc.
- Increased sensitivity to any stimulation.
- An increased response to a stimulus that is normally painful.
- Abnormally exaggerated subjective response to painful stimuli. May
occur with hyperesthesia, hyperalgesia, or dysesthesia. The pain is
often explosive in character.
- Diminished sensation to noxious stimulation.
- Abnormally decreased sensitivity, particularly to touch.
- Located in the spine between the thoracic
vertebrae and sacrum and are known as L1
lumbar area of the spine is the main weight
diagnostic radiograph of the spinal cord.
a nerve block is a
procedure involving the injection of an
anesthetic or neurolytic agent into or near
specific nerves to relieve pain
- Pain in the distribution of a specific nerve or nerves.
- Inflammation of a nerve or nerves.
Pain - Pain syndrome in which the predominant mechanism is aberrant
somatosensory processing. May be restricted to pain originating in
peripheral nerves and nerve roots.
- A functional disturbance or pathological change in the peripheral nervous system, sometimes limited to
non-inflammatory lesions as opposed to
- A receptor for pain, preferentially sensitive to a noxious stimulus or to a
stimulus that would become noxious if continued. Pain is a perception
that takes place at higher levels of the central nervous system.
Stimulus - Stimulus that is potentially or actually damaging to body tissue (hurtful;
not wholesome; pernicious).
- Sensation of discomfort, distress, or agony, resulting from the stimulation
of specialized nerve endings. It serves as a protective mechanism
(induces the sufferer to remove or withdraw).
Threshold - Pain threshold is the least experience of pain that a subject can
recognize. Pain is always the experience of the patient and is individual,
the stimulus intensity is an outside event.
Level - The greatest level of pain that a patient is able to tolerate. Pain is a
subjective experience, hence pain tolerance level is the subjective
experience of the particular patient and has the same clinical limitations
as the pain tolerance level.
or partial loss of function especially when
involving the power of motion or of sensation
in any part of the body
paralysis affecting the lower limbs
- An abnormal sensation, such as burning, prickling, whether spontaneous
back side of the human body
Partial paralysis of arms and legs
Complete paralysis of arms and legs
- Pain along the distribution of one or more sensory nerve roots.
- A usually painful disturbance of function or pathologic change in one or
more nerve roots.
- Inflammation of one or more nerve roots
cutting of the anterior or posterior spinal
at the lower end of the spine, it consist of 5
It is the part of the spinal column
that is directly connected to part of the
that runs along the course of the sciatic
nerve is referred to by laypersons as
It especially appears in the back of
the thigh also causing pain in the lower back,
buttocks, hips, and/or adjacent parts.
of the spine (sideways)
supportive bony structure that provides
protection for the organs.
- Pertaining to sensations received from all
tissues of the body (skin, muscles, joints,
bony column, which forms the main structural
support of the skeleton is known as the spinal
column, vertebral column or backbone.
The ribs that make up the front of the chest
are linked to the thoracic vertebrae.
There are 33 vertebrae (bones) that form the
Cord An extension of the brain that runs through the canal in the column of
vertebrae. It serves not only as a pathway for
nervous impulses to and from the brain but as
a center for carrying out and coordinating
many reflex actions that are independent
- Pertaining to sensations received from all tissues of the body (skin,
muscles, joints and viscera.
- Suffering is an emotional state associated with biological and/or
psychosocial events that threaten the individuals integrity. Suffering
usually accompanies severe pain, but may occur in its absence.
Point - A hypersensitive area in muscle or connective tissue with pain that
radiates on pressure. May be associated with myofascial pain
syndromes or fibromyalgia.
ENCYCLOPEDIA/MEDICAL DICTIONARY RESOURCES:
Medicine Net.com - Medical
Dictionary (Doctors View Library/Health Facts Library)
Virtual Hospital - digital health science library
The Language Center Collegiate Dictionary and Thesaurus
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